The Data Navigator serves as a tool for comparing gender differences in health and long-term care use for community-dwelling older people (aged 65+ years) across European care regimes and how these differences have evolved across time. To this end, the Data Navigator showcases trends in the prevalence of functional limitations (ADLs and IADLs), formal care use and informal care giving/receiving using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). It allows for a further comparison of these differences according to socioeconomic status (income and wealth), and in the case of informal caregiving, according to age (50-64 years and 65+ years). If you have any questions concerning the Data Navigator, please contact us at To get started, click on the variable of interest below.

Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs)
Formal Care Receiving
Informal Care Receiving
Informal Caregiving

Background on development of the Data Navigator

Background of SHARE & Sample

The Data Navigator uses data from SHARE Waves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 (DOIs: 10.6103/SHARE.w1.700, 10.6103/SHARE.w2.700, 10.6103/SHARE.w3.700, 10.6103/SHARE.w4.700, 10.6103/SHARE.w5.700, 10.6103/SHARE.w6.700, 10.6103/SHARE.w7.700, see Börsch-Supan et al. (2013) for methodological details.

The SHARE data collection has been funded by the European Commission through FP5 (QLK6-CT-2001-00360), FP6 (SHARE-I3: RII-CT-2006-062193, COMPARE: CIT5-CT-2005-028857, SHARELIFE: CIT4-CT-2006-028812), FP7 (SHARE-PREP: GA N°211909, SHARE-LEAP: GA N°227822, SHARE M4: GA N°261982, DASISH: GA N°283646) and Horizon 2020 (SHARE-DEV3: GA N°676536, SHARE-COHESION: GA N°870628, SERISS: GA N°654221, SSHOC: GA N°823782) and by DG Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion. Additional funding from the German Ministry of Education and Research, the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science, the U.S. National Institute on Aging (U01_AG09740-13S2, P01_AG005842, P01_AG08291, P30_AG12815, R21_AG025169, Y1-AG-4553-01, IAG_BSR06-11, OGHA_04-064, HHSN271201300071C) and from various national funding sources is gratefully acknowledged (see

Börsch-Supan, A., M. Brandt, C. Hunkler, T. Kneip, J. Korbmacher, F. Malter, B. Schaan, S. Stuck, S. Zuber (2013). Data Resource Profile: The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). International Journal of Epidemiology. DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyt088.